Gastroenterology: Diagnosis and Treatment

Medical specialty interested in the study and treatment of diseases related to the digestive system

What is Gastroenterology ?

Gastroenterology is the specialty of medicine that studies the organs of the alimentary canal, their functioning and their pathologies. It treats various organs such as: the esophagus, the stomach, the small intestine, the large intestine, the rectum , The anus) and the digestive glands.

There are several specialties in gastroenterology including hepatology, proctology, the study and treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases, ...

What are the services of the gastroenterology department ?

1. Colon cancer screening

colon cancer screening or colorectal cancer, is done via colonoscopy, which is the most important examination in the context of screening, it allows to highlight the polypes, which are small formations in the mucosa intestinal. Left untreated, these can progress to bowel cancer, which can be fatal.

2. The diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the esophagus and stomach

Diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the esophagus and stomach are made by the gastroenterologist. Following a consultation, the latter will decide whether or not to make an assessment of the disease, in this assessment there is the gastroscopy, blood test, ultrasound, etc.

The pathologies of the esophagus and the stomach are :

  • Esophagitis
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • Esophageal ulcer
  • Esophageal infections
  • Esophageal tumors
  • Gastric motility disorders
  • Gastritis
  • Gastric ulcer
  • Stomach tumors

3. Food intolerances

In front of any suspicion of a food intolerance, following a consultation, the specialist in charge of your medical file will ask you to do special tests which are done within the clinic, the result is communicated to the gastroenterologist, who will then make a diagnosis and give treatment adapted to the problem.

4. Diagnosis and treatment of inflammatory bowel disease

These are chronic diseases of unknown origin, which are diagnosed and treated by the gastroenterologist during a consultation and colonoscopy, after which treatment is initiated with regular support for evaluation and disease surveillance.

5. Digestive Endoscopy

Endoscopic examination by means of a camera of the lower and upper digestive tract, it is done on an empty stomach. The examination of the lower digestive tract is done after a preliminary preparation and a diet without fiber.

When should I see a gastroenterologist?

It is important to consult a gastroenterologist if you experience any of the following symptoms: chest or abdominal pain (could indicate a disease of the digestive system), nausea, vomiting, a feeling of regurgitation or acidity, at the slightest bleeding, etc.