Proctology – Specialty of gastroenterology
Proctology is a specialty of gastroenterology that is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the anus and rectum. The proctologist uses several routine medical examinations such as rectal examination, anoscopy or rectoscopy.
Among the main pathologies identified by the proctologist are:
- Cancer of the rectum
- Anal fissure: located on the wall of the anal canal, the anal fissure is a small crack, crevice or superficial lesion.
- Hemorrhoids or anal incontinence: dilated veins that form in the anus or rectum
- Sphincteric pathology: Anal incontinence, also known as fecal incontinence, is the involuntary loss of fecal matter from the intestine.
- The condylomes
When should I consult a proctologist?
Depending on the symptoms observed, a consultation with a proctologist is unavoidable, the various pathologies mentioned above can cause disorders or pain in the anus and rectum. Blood loss or fatigue associated with weight loss and the presence of lymph nodes may be an indication of possible colorectal cancer.
When you notice these symptoms, which are often associated with transit disturbances (constipation, diarrhea, abdominal pain , perpetual sensation of intestinal heaviness,etc), you must seek medical advice.