Gastro-oesophageal reflux

Gastro-oesophageal reflux


The Gastro-oesophageal reflux

It is a chronic digestive disease that causes painful irritation of the esophagus.Fluid or food escapes from the stomach and migrates upwards into the oesophagus.

The Causes

Gastro-esophageal reflux is usually caused by a dysfunction of the lower esophageal sphincter. This is the strip of muscle tissue between the esophagus and the stomach. This sphincter opens normally to allow the food to pass into the stomach, then tighten firmly. A defective sphincter may leak the acidic contents of the stomach. This can irritate the lining of the esophagus.

Symptoms

Symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux may include heartburn, regurgitation, sore throat and difficulty swallowing. Gastroesophageal reflux can cause referral, coughing, wheezing during breathing and hoarseness of the voice. These symptoms may worsen after eating, in flexion of the trunk on the pelvis and at bedtime.

What treatment for gastroesophageal reflux?

In most cases, gastroesophageal reflux can be managed effectively by a well-followed medical treatment. Medications can help neutralize or reduce stomach acid, heal irritation of the esophagus and strengthen the esophageal sphincter. Obese patients must lose weight and observe good eating habits and quality sleep. In some cases we have to propose a surgical treatment.